However, analysis of archaeological material from that period has shown that the process of romanization was rather selective. While urban centers, both coastal and inland, were almost completely romanized, the situation in the countryside was completely different.
Despite the Illyrians being subject to a strong process of acculturation, they continued to speak their native language, worship their own gods and traditions, and follow their own social-political tribal organization which was adapted to Roman administration and political structure only in some necessities.
The Middle Ages in Dalmatia were a period of intense rivalry among neighboring powers: Dalmatia at the time consisted of the coastal cities functioning much like city-states , with extensive autonomy, but in mutual conflict and without control of the rural hinterland the Zagora.
Ethnically, Dalmatia started out as a Roman region, with a romance culture that began to develop independently, forming the now-extinct Dalmatian language.
The Avars were followed by the great South Slavic migrations. The Slavs, loosely allied with the Avars, permanently settled the region in the first half of the 7th century AD and remained its predominant ethnic group ever since.
The Croats soon formed their own realm: The meaning of the geographical term "Dalmatia" now shrank to the coastal cities and their immediate hinterland.
These cities were the romance-speaking Dalmatian city-states and remained influential as they were well fortified and maintained their connection with the Byzantine Empire.
The language and the laws were initially Latin , but after a few centuries they developed their own neo-Latin language the " Dalmatico " , that lasted until the 19th century.
The cities were maritime centres with a huge commerce mainly with the Italian peninsula and with the growing Republic of Venice.
The two communities were somewhat hostile at first, but as the Croats became Christianized this tension increasingly subsided.
A degree of cultural mingling soon took place, in some enclaves stronger, in others weaker, as Slavic influence and culture was more accentuated in Ragusa, Spalatum, and Tragurium.
In about AD, Duke Tomislav was crowned, establishing the Kingdom of Croatia , and extending his influence further southwards to Zachlumia.
As an ally of the Byzantine Empire, the King was given the status of Protector of Dalmatia, and became its de facto ruler. In the High Medieval period , the Byzantine Empire was no longer able to maintain its power consistently in Dalmatia, and was finally rendered impotent so far west by the Fourth Crusade in The Venetian Republic, on the other hand, was in the ascendant, while the Kingdom of Croatia became increasingly influenced by Hungary to the north, being absorbed into it via personal union in Thus, these two factions became involved in a struggle in this area, intermittently controlling it as the balance shifted.
During the reign of King Emeric , the Dalmatian cities separated from Hungary by a treaty. The Mongols attacked the Dalmatian cities for the next few years but eventually withdrew without major success.
In the south, due to its protected location, Kotor became a major city for the salt trade. By this time, the whole Hungarian and Croatian Kingdom was facing increasing internal difficulties, as a year civil war ensued between the Capetian House of Anjou from the Kingdom of Naples , and King Sigismund of the House of Luxembourg.
During the war, the losing contender, Ladislaus of Naples , sold his "rights" on Dalmatia to the Venetian Republic for a mere , ducats.
The much more centralized Republic came to control all of Dalmatia by the year , it was to remain under Venetian rule for years — From to the Republic of Venice controlled most of Dalmatia, calling it Esclavonia in the 15th century  with the southern enclave , the Bay of Kotor , being called Albania Veneta.
Venetian was the commercial lingua franca in the Mediterranean at that time, and it heavily influenced Dalmatian and to a lesser degree coastal Croatian and Albanian.
The southern city of Ragusa Dubrovnik became de facto independent in through the Treaty of Zadar when Venice relinquished its suzerainty over it to Louis I of Hungary.
In , Ragusa switched allegiance to the Ottoman Empire. As the Ottomans took control of the hinterland, many Christians took refuge in the coastal cities of Dalmatia.
The border between the Dalmatian hinterland and the Ottoman Bosnia and Herzegovina greatly fluctuated until the Morean War , when the Venetian capture of Knin and Sinj set much of the borderline at its current position.
After the Great Turkish War and the Peace of Passarowitz , more peaceful times made Dalmatia experience a period of certain economic and cultural growth in the 18th century, with the re-establishment of trade and exchange with the hinterland.
This period was abruptly interrupted with the fall of the Republic of Venice in In he annexed to this Italian Kingdom the just conquered Republic of Ragusa.
A year later in he removed the Venetian Dalmatia from his Kingdom of Italy and created the Illyrian Provinces , which were annexed to France, and created his marshal Nicolas Soult Duke of Dalmatia.
On the other hand, French rule greatly contributed to Croatian national awakening the first newspaper in Croatian was published then in Zadar, the Il Regio Dalmata — Kraglski Dalmatin , the legal system and infrastructure were finally modernized somewhat in Dalmatia, and the educational system flourished.
French rule brought a lot of improvements in infrastructure; many roads were built or reconstructed. Napoleon himself blamed Marshal Auguste Marmont , the governor of Dalmatia, that too much money was spent.
However, in , the Habsburgs once again declared war on France and, by the following year, had restored control over Dalmatia. It was officially known as the Kingdom of Dalmatia.
The Dubrovnik Municipality was the most outspoken of all the Dalmatian communes in its support for unification with Croatia. A letter was sent from Dubrovnik to Zagreb with pledges to work for this idea.
In , Dubrovnik continued to lead the Dalmatian cities in the struggle for unification. This and other literary and journalistic texts, which continued to be published, contributed to the awakening of the national consciousness reflected in efforts to introduce the Croatian language into schools and offices, and to promote Croatian books.
The Emperor Franz Joseph brought the so-called Imposed Constitution which prohibited the unification of Dalmatia and Croatia and also any further political activity with this end in view.
The political struggle of Dubrovnik to be united with Croatia, which was intense throughout —49, did not succeed at that time.
In was the meeting of the first Dalmatian Assembly, with representatives from Dubrovnik. Representatives of Kotor came to Dubrovnik to join the struggle for unification with Croatia.
The citizens of Dubrovnik gave them a festive welcome, flying Croatian flags from the ramparts and exhibiting the slogan: In a dispute arose in the Austrian Reichsrat over whether Austria should pay for Dalmatia.
It has been argued that in the conclusion of the so-called " April Laws " is written " given by Banus Count Keglevich of Buzin ", which explained the historical affiliation of Dalmatia to Hungary.
From 5—6 November , Italian forces were reported to have reached Lissa , Lagosta , Sebenico , and other localities on the Dalmatian coast.
Italy entered the First World War in a territorial gamble, mostly to gain Dalmatia. But Italy got only a small part of its pretensions, so Dalmatia mostly stayed Yugoslav until Benito Mussolini invaded Yugoslavia in and occupied the region.
Its capital was Split, and it included most of Dalmatia and parts of present-day Bosnia and Herzegovina. In , Littoral Banovina was joined with Sava Banovina and with smaller parts of other banovinas to form a new province named the Banovina of Croatia.
The remaining parts of Dalmatia became part of the NDH. Many Croats moved from the Italian-occupied area and took refuge in the satellite state of Croatia, which became the battleground for a guerrilla war between the Axis and the Yugoslav Partisans.
Following the surrender of Italy in , most of Italian-controlled Dalmatia was taken over by German forces and reverted to control under the puppet Independent State of Croatia.
The territory of former Kingdom of Dalmatia was divided between two federal Republics of Yugoslavia and most of the territory went to Croatia, leaving only the Bay of Kotor to Montenegro.
When Yugoslavia dissolved in , those borders were retained and remain in force. During the Croatian war of Independence , most of Dalmatia was a battleground between the Croatian government and local Serb rebels , with much of the region being placed under the control of Serbs.
Croatia did regain southern parts of these territories in but did not regain all of the territory until From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the eponymous historical political entities, see Dalmatia Roman province , Dalmatia theme , Venetian Dalmatia , and Kingdom of Dalmatia.
Historical region of Croatia. Historical region of Croatia 1. Dalmatia proper Sometimes regarded as Dalmatia: This section needs additional citations for verification.
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Alabaster Library is one of the most beautiful houses of knowledge in all of Valoran which houses the poetry of Tung. The town is named after the Demacian hero known as Fossian Crownguard, whose tomb is located near the town itself.
The town occupied the banks of the Serpentrion, a thundering river that rose in the mountains and snaked to the western coast. The tower of a Lightbringer temple rose in the east.
The current Magistrate of Fossbarrow is Lady Giselle. It was also the sight of a horific incident between the Dauntles Vanguards and an unknown nightmareish shade that threatened the town.
The city is known as the City of Raptors, due to its large population of Silverwing raptors. Uwendale is a thriving town of hunters and farmers, protected by mountain rangers expert in intercepting and killing any monsters that came down from the high peaks to hunt.
The Land and coastal areas house an large assortment of astounding creatures, such as: Crag Beasts are often sighted in the country side where they frequently attack Demacian settlements.
They adorn large tusks and sharp fangs. Their outer shell is protected by a thick layer of rocky-like skin which protects them from swords, spears and other weapons.
Their soft skin, inner organs, and blood are of a blue-ish colour. Their size ranges from a house to a large tower.
Poppy, Keeper of the Hammer of Orlon once saved an entire settlement from one of these beasts. The distinguishing features of a wyvern is that it only has one pair of limbs and one pair of wings as opposed to the two pair limbed dragons.
They are often spotted attacking the Demacian countryside and are a frequent threat to villagers. The people of Demacia are driven by their common cause to disseminate benevolence and order for the betterment of all beings throughout Valoran.
They view malice and selfishness as a disease which should be expunged from the psyche of humankind. Those who come to Demacia and choose to settle within its borders are expected to share the ideals and virtues of its citizenry.
Those who seek personal gain at the expense of others quickly find themselves ostracized… or worse. Life in Demacia is not one of placid utopian dreams.
Since the Demacian people pride themselves as the moral vanguards of Valoran, they adopt seemingly draconian measures to ensure that their moral code remains the only code by which one may live within the country.
Crime in any form is harshly punished: Some detractors of Demacia who criticize far from the reaches of the nation claim this as proof of its inherent hypocrisy.
Demacians counter this argument by pointing out that their justice system incorporates benevolence and mitigation into its verdicts.
No one is punished without fair and just consideration of the circumstances involved. While others may continue to criticize the harshness of Demacian law, the Demacians stand by their convictions.
Petricite is a magic-dampening material used by Demacians in defensive walls and in the military. It is also used in Demacian architecture due to its white and elegant appearance.
The early settlers of Demacia discovered a petrified forest that can dispel magic, and mixed this wood with ash and lime into the resistant material that is called Petricite.
From this innovation, the walls of Demacia were established. Galio , the Colossus is made entirely out of Petricite.
The slayer had been spotted near the town of Uwendale, leaving the first eyewitness accounts of his appearance. While the king is a strong ruler, he is kept in check at least partially by the Demacian Council.
Jarvan Lightshield the Third , works earnestly with the Demacian Council to ensure that the sanctity of the kingdom remains pure and true. Since the rule of Jarvan I, there has never been an attempted coup or rebellion of any kind in Demacia.
The king serves not only as the political leader of the country, but also as the commander-in-chief of its military. Numerous territories controlled by the Kingdom are known as the Protectorates.
As a monarchy, Demacia is governed by various royal families, regulating the nation primarily as members of the Demacian Council.
They may even be treated more harshly under the law as they are meant to serve as shining examples of how Demacian citizens should conduct themselves, publicly and privately.
A paragon family of Demacian service. A family known for its long line of elite duelists. They have been the royal family of Demacia for centuries.
One of the most influential political forces in Demacia. The Demacian military is one of the strongest in all of Valoran, and until recently it was the only force capable of holding back the hunger of the military machine that is Noxus.
Noxus has been the sworn enemy of Demacia since both settlements were founded hundreds of years ago.
Their conflict is, at its core, a moral one. With such a night-and-day division of moral philosophy between Demacia and Noxus, it is not hard to see why Demacia views its military requirements as a vital necessity for survival.
Every Demacian citizen is required to serve in its military for no less than three years.