Erleben Sie den Großen Preis von Bahrain auf dem Bahrain International Circuit mit unübertroffenem Zugang. Wenn Sie sich für eines der offiziellen F1. It's hot. It's ferocious. It's the Bahrain Grand Prix – and here's the low-down of all the action from Sakhir. Die Formel 1-Strecke in as-Sachir in der Wüste um Bahrain ist seit in Betrieb. Der millionenschwere FormelZirkus ist ein wichtiger Meilenstein in der .
Bahrain has one main international airport , the Bahrain International Airport BIA which is located on the island of Muharraq, in the north-east.
The airport handled more than , flights and more than 8 million passengers in Bahrain has a well-developed road network , particularly in Manama.
The discovery of oil in the early s accelerated the creation of multiple roads and highways in Bahrain, connecting several isolated villages, such as Budaiya , to Manama.
To the east, a bridge connected Manama to Muharraq since , a new causeway was built in which replaced the old wooden bridge. The four main islands and all the towns and villages are linked by well-constructed roads.
A causeway stretching over 2. It was completed in December , and financed by Saudi Arabia. In , there were 17,, passengers transiting through the causeway.
In , there were more than 45, telephones in use in the country. By , Batelco had more than , mobile contracts. The Bahraini Economic Vision published in does not indicate how the stated goal of shifting from an economy built on oil wealth to a productive, globally competitive economy will be attained.
Bahrain has already diversified its exports to some extent, out of necessity. It has the smallest hydrocarbon reserves of any Gulf state, producing 48, barrels per day from its one onshore field.
The gas reserve in Bahrain is expected to last for less than 27 years, leaving the country with few sources of capital to pursue the development of new industries.
Investment in research and development remained very low in Apart from the Ministry of Education and the Higher Education Council, the two main hives of activity in science, technology, and innovation are the University of Bahrain established in and the Bahrain Centre for Strategic, International, and Energy Studies.
The latter was founded in to undertake research with a focus on strategic security and energy issues to encourage new thinking and influence policy-making.
Bahrain hopes to build a science culture within the kingdom and to encourage technological innovation, among other goals.
In , the Bahrain Science Centre was launched as an interactive educational facility targeting 6—year olds. The topics covered by current exhibitions include junior engineering, human health, the five senses, Earth sciences and biodiversity.
The agency plans to establish infrastructure for the observation of both outer space and the Earth. The aim is to establish a knowledge hub for the six member states of the Gulf Cooperation Council.
In March , the centre hosted two high-level workshops on ICTs and education. In , the government devoted 2. This ratio was on a par with investment in education in Lebanon and higher only than that in Qatar 2.
Bahrain invests little in research and development. In and , this investment reportedly amounted to 0.
The lack of comprehensive data on research and development poses a challenge for policy-makers, as data inform evidence-based policy-making.
The available data for researchers in only cover the higher education sector. Here, the number of researchers is equivalent to 50 per million inhabitants, compared to a global average for all employment sectors of 1, per million.
From to , university staff published 5 papers and books. Bahrain was one of 11 Arab states which counted a majority of female university graduates in science and engineering in It is harder to judge the contribution of women to research, as the data for only cover the higher education sector.
This corresponds to 15 articles per million inhabitants, compared to a global average of per million inhabitants in Scientific output has risen slowly from 93 articles in and remains modest.
By , only Mauritania and Palestine had a smaller output in this database among Arab states. Between and , Bahraini scientists collaborated most with their peers from Saudi Arabia articles , followed by Egypt , the United Kingdom 93 , the United States 89 and Tunisia In , approximately , Indian nationals lived in Bahrain, making them the single largest expatriate community in the country.
Much of this population is concentrated in the north of the country with the Southern Governorate being the least densely populated part.
Bahraini people are ethnically diverse. Shia Bahrainis are divided into two main ethnic groups: Shia Persians form large communities in Manama and Muharraq.
Sunni Bahrainis are mainly divided into two main ethnic groups: Arabs al Arab and Huwala. Sunni Arabs are the most influential ethnic group in Bahrain, they hold most government positions and the Bahraini monarchy are Sunni Arabs.
The state religion of Bahrain is Islam and most Bahraini citizens are Muslim. The majority of Bahraini Muslims are Shiites.
There is a native Christian community in Bahrain. Non-Muslim Bahraini residents numbered , per the census, most of whom are Christians. Bahrain also has a native Jewish community numbering thirty-seven Bahraini citizens.
Due to an influx of immigrants and guest workers from southern Asian countries, such as India, the Philippines and Sri Lanka , the overall percentage of Muslims in the country has declined in recent years.
Arabic is the official language of Bahrain, though English is widely used. Malayalam , Tamil and Hindi are spoken among significant Indian communities.
Education is compulsory for children between the ages of 6 and Coeducation is not used in public schools, with boys and girls segregated into separate schools.
After World War I , Bahrain became open to western influences, and a demand for modern educational institutions appeared.
Bahrain also encourages institutions of higher learning, drawing on expatriate talent and the increasing pool of Bahrain nationals returning from abroad with advanced degrees.
The University of Bahrain was established for standard undergraduate and graduate study, and the King Abdulaziz University College of Health Sciences , operating under the direction of the Ministry of Health, trains physicians , nurses , pharmacists and paramedics.
The Royal University for Women RUW , established in , was the first private, purpose-built, international university in Bahrain dedicated solely to educating women.
Bahrain has a universal health care system, dating back to Healthcare expenditure accounted for 4. The life expectancy in Bahrain is 73 for males and 76 for females.
As a result, cases of malaria and TB have declined in recent decades with cases of contractions amongst Bahraini nationals becoming rare.
Bahrain is currently suffering from an obesity epidemic as Islam is the main religion, and Bahrainis are known for their tolerance towards the practice of other faiths.
Rules regarding female attire are generally relaxed compared to regional neighbours; the traditional attire of women usually include the hijab or the abaya.
Although Bahrain legalized homosexuality in , many homosexuals have since been arrested. The modern art movement in the country officially emerged in the s, culminating in the establishment of an art society.
Expressionism and surrealism , as well as calligraphic art are the popular forms of art in the country. Abstract expressionism has gained popularity in recent decades.
The wind tower , which generates natural ventilation in a house, is a common sight on old buildings, particularly in the old districts of Manama and Muharraq.
Literature retains a strong tradition in the country; most traditional writers and poets write in the classical Arabic style.
In recent years, the number of younger poets influenced by western literature are rising, most writing in free verse and often including political or personal content.
In literature, Bahrain was the site of the ancient land of Dilmun mentioned in the Epic of Gilgamesh. Legend also states that it was the location of the Garden of Eden.
The music style in Bahrain is similar to that of its neighbors. The Khaliji style of music, which is folk music , is popular in the country. The sawt style of music, which involves a complex form of urban music, performed by an Oud plucked lute , a violin and mirwas a drum , is also popular in Bahrain.
Bahrain was also the site of the first recording studio amongst the Persian Gulf states. Association football is the most popular sport in Bahrain.
Basketball , rugby and horse racing are also widely popular in the country. This was followed by the Bahrain Grand Prix in Bahrain hosted the opening Grand Prix of the season on 12 March of that year.
Both the above races were won by Fernando Alonso of Renault. The race has since been hosted annually, except for when it was cancelled due to ongoing anti-government protests.
The V8s returned every November to the Sakhir circuit until , in which it was the second event of the series. The series has not returned since. On 1 September , Bahrain changed its weekend from being Thursdays and Fridays to Fridays and Saturdays, in order to have a day of the weekend shared with the rest of the world.
Notable holidays in the country are listed below:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Bahrain disambiguation.
Sovereign island state in the Persian Gulf. Since 17 November List of expeditions of Muhammad. Bahraini uprising of , Saudi-led intervention in Bahrain , and Arab Spring.
Wildlife of Bahrain and List of birds of Bahrain. Human rights in Bahrain. Foreign relations of Bahrain. Telecommunications in Bahrain and Internet in Bahrain.
Demographics of Bahrain and Freedom of religion in Bahrain. Bahraini people and Ethnic, cultural and religious groups of Bahrain.
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Archived from the original PDF on 12 August By the completion of the project, the circuit became the centre of motor sport in the Persian Gulf , as it held many other races such as drag races, GT races, Formula 3 races and the Australian V8 Supercar series.
The first race was in The race was won by German driver Michael Schumacher for Ferrari. Fernando Alonso won the second Bahrain Grand Prix for Renault in , and then became the first repeat winner of the Middle Eastern race in again for Renault , after a thrilling race-long battle with Michael Schumacher.
In and , Brazilian Felipe Massa won the race for Ferrari. After his triumph, Alonso became the first three-time winner.
The race saw a new circuit configuration being used for the Grand Prix. It used the "Endurance Circuit" layout, extending the lap length to 6.
There is then a sequence of five turns before the cars head back to the original circuit. Then comes a left-right kink before a tight hairpin returns the cars onto the main track.
On 21 February , it was announced that the Bahrain Grand Prix scheduled for 13 March was cancelled due to the Bahraini protests. World champion racer Damon Hill called on Formula One not to reschedule saying that if the race went ahead "we will forever have the blight of association with repressive methods to achieve order".
Human rights activists called for a cancellation of the Bahrain Grand Prix , which took place on 22 April, because of reports of ongoing use of excessive force by authorities and torture in detention.
I feel very uncomfortable about going to Bahrain. And I think that would be unacceptable, both for F1 and for Bahrain. In that context, Anonymous launched on 21 April the operation opBahrain, threatening the Formula 1 representatives of a cyberattack in case they go on with Bahrain Grand Prix.
Hours later, Anonymous hackers took down the f1-racers. The Grand Prix reverted to using the corner Grand Prix Circuit configuration last used in , instead of the Endurance Circuit configuration used in A characteristic of the course is the giant run-off areas, which have been criticised for not punishing drivers who stray off the track.
However, they tend to prevent sand getting onto the track and make Bahrain one of the safest tracks in the world. Although alcoholic beverages are legal in Bahrain, the drivers do not spray the traditional champagne on the podium.
Instead, they spray a non-alcoholic rosewater drink known as Waard. Drivers in bold are competing in the Formula One championship in the current season.
But the series had logistical problems after the race, when the cars were delayed on their way to Malaysia , missing the next event and had to reschedule the rest of the season.
The Porsche Supercup has supported the , , and races. The GP2 Series supported the race in and a celebrity race was held in with the likes of Simon Webbe competing.
GCC citizens and residents, and nationals of 66 countries are eligible for visa on arrival in Bahrain throughout the year.
The visa is available to Grand Prix ticketholders and is free of charge. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Valtteri Bottas Mercedes 1: This article needs additional citations for verification.
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